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THE WORLDWIDE FREEMASONRY

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The man at all times looking and looking for his roots. This search can be explained as a cover of an inherent uncertainty with confirmation of some fixed reference points which may go as far as possible old. What is interesting is that while many years have refuted some theories refuse to disappear.

Theories about the origins of Freemasonry are the ancient mysteries, Greece, Egypt etc. Crusaders and trade unions. Also included are the respective unions of Germany or France. The only theory prehistory which still retains strong elements are the origin of the professional guilds of Masons and especially carvers who traveled from place to place workers primarily in building major projects of the time that the Gothic Churches.

Indeed there is undoubtedly evidence of participation of non-professional members of the guilds of professionals Masons, the man called "Accepted" (accepted) and participated in "work" of professional Lodges almost as equals. Such historical examples occur mainly in Scotland in 1599 and England from October 16, 1646 date on which, according to his diary, Accepted Mason was the philosopher and alchemist Elias Asmol.

This brings the historic date of June 24, 1717 when four Lodges gathered representatives of London in the Goose Inn and Grill (Goose and Gridiron) and created the first Grand Lodge of the World, the Grand Lodge of London. Then begins the real history of Freemasonry.

Of the four Lodges are three still operating to this day under different names and numbers. Specifically, the first is now called Lodge of Antiquity. No. 2. The third is called Lodge of Fortitude and Old Cumberland. No. 12. and the fourth is called Royal Somerset House and Inverness Lodge No 4. The second was gathered Inn Crown, was dissolved in 1736. The difference in numbers is due to combinations Lodges and the great combination between the Lodges of the Moderns and the Antients held in 1813.

So after the first meeting decided that the first official meeting which allegedly took place on the day the feast of John the Baptist on June 24, 1717 at the Goose Inn and Grill (Goose and Gridiron). There, according to Anderson, these elected by show of hands as the first Grand Master Anthony Sayer as supervisors Capt. Joseph Elliot and Jacob Lamball, carpenter.

The Freemasonry began to grow rapidly not only in England but in Ireland, Scotland, France, Germany and Europe. In Ireland, the first Grand Lodge was established in 1725 and Scotland in 1736. Simultaneously with the development began to create competing bodies. So in 1725 created the County of York a Grand Lodge under the name The Grand Lodge of All England. The Lodges were created mostly in northern England but all disbanded or moved into the Grand Lodge of England and the last of these was dissolved in 1792. Other organizations were the Grand Lodge of England south of the River Trent and the Scots Grand Lodge. ·

The biggest competition for the Grand Lodge of England came from the Grand Lodge of England according to the Old Institutions, or as it was known Antients or Atholl (the two Dukes of Atholl who served as Grand Master for a period of thirty years). The Antients Grand Lodge was established in 1751 and ran competitively until 1813. The Antients called the members of the first Grand Lodge "Moderns" because they argue that although the same, the Antients, retained their ancient traditions and the Moderns had made unacceptable changes. The first Grand Lodge never accepted officially nicknamed "Moderns" but only "Premier" that elders.

In 1813 the Antients and Moderns have decided to join the Grand Master the Duke of Sussex. By joining the new force called the United Grand Lodge of England (United Grand Lodge of England) and the name applies today. The headquarters of the Grand Lodge in London in a private mansion on the road Great Queen Street, which in its present form was launched in 1933. From the early years of the Grand Lodge Lodges began to be created in several European countries and in British Colonies. Especially in North America, the first English Lodges were created around 1730 by the Moderns, and then in 1751 by the Antients.

Today the United Grand Lodge of England recognized worldwide by the honorary title "Mother Grand Lodge." This title is a performance of historic value and of course does not confer any particular power. Today Freemasonry appears in almost all countries of the world where there are democratic regimes.